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"And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with 
other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."
 Acts 2:4

The Baptism in the Holy Spirit

"And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: and also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out My Spirit ..." 
Joel 2:28, 29

© 1976, 1997 by Diane S. Dew in "The Holy Spirit: Gifts & Ministries"    

I.  Does scripture present the "baptism in the Holy Spirit" as an experience apart from salvation?

A. Jesus Himself made a distinction between the baptism of John, baptism in water, and the Holy Spirit baptism.

Matthew 3:11 (Mark 1:8; Luke 3:16; John 1:33)  "I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance: but he that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and with fire:"

Acts 1:5  "For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence."

Acts 11:16  "Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost."

B. The apostles believed and were saved before Pentecost; yet Jesus told them to wait till they had received the promise of the Father. There was to be, therefore, an experience beyond their salvation experience.

Luke 24:49  "And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high."

Acts 1:5  "For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence."

Acts 1:8  "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."

Acts 2:4  "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance."

C. The book of Acts records instances in which believers received a second baptism.

Acts 8:12-17  "But when they believed Philip preaching the things concerning the kingdom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, they were baptized, both men and women. Then Simon himself believed also: and when he was baptized, he continued with Philip, and wondered, beholding the miracles and signs which were done. Now when the apostles which were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: Who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Ghost: (For as yet he was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.) Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost."

Acts 19:2-5  "He said unto them, Have ye received the Holy Ghost since ye believed? And they said unto him, We have not so much as heard whether there be any Holy Ghost. And he said unto them, Unto what then were ye baptized? And they said, Unto John's baptism. Then said Paul, John verily baptized with the baptism of repentance, saying unto the people, that they should believe on him which should come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus. When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus."

D. Many New Testament scriptures speak of the seal of the Spirit to be given to those who had already repented and believed.

Ephesians 1:13, 14  "In whom ye also trusted, after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, Which is the earnest of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, unto the praise of his glory."

E. Jesus spoke of those asking to receive the Holy Spirit who already knew God as their Father.

Luke 11:13  "If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?"

F. Even in New Testament references to Old Testament typology water baptism and the baptism in the Holy Spirit are clearly spoken of as two distinct experiences.

I Corinthians 10:1, 2  "...our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; and were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea."

II. Why does the Bible describe this experience as an "infilling" or an "outpouring" of God's Spirit?

A. The Greek word used for both water baptism and the baptism in the Holy Spirit is baptizo meaning "to cause to be dipped or immersed."

B. Water is a type of the Holy Spirit.

Isaiah 44:3  "For I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed..."

John 7:38, 39  "He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)"

Revelation 22:17  "And the Spirit and the bride say, Come.... And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely."

C. Therefore, when speaking of the Holy Spirit baptism, scripture often speaks of it as an "infilling" or "outpouring."

Joel 2:28, 29  "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit ... upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those will I pour out my spirit."

Isaiah 32:15  "Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high..."

Acts 2:17, 18  "And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh ... will pour out in those days of my Spirit..."

Acts 10:45  "... on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost."

Ephesians 5:18  "And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit."

D. We are told to drink in the Spirit, to "be not drunk with wine, but be filled with the Spirit."

Acts 2:13-15, 17, 33 (The same word for "shed forth" in v. 33 is translated "poured out" in v. 17.)
John 7:37-39
I Corinthians 12:13

III. What is the purpose of the infilling of the Spirit?

A. It gives the believer power and boldness to be a witness.

Acts 1:8  "But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."

Acts 4:31  "And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness."

B. It is necessary to enter into a walk with God whereby His Spirit does not just dwell with us, but can abide in us.

John 14:17  "Even the Spirit of truth ... he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you."

C. It provides for greater conviction of sin (John 16:8-11) and is a great help in the prayer life of the believer (Romans 8:26).

D. The Spirit-filled Christian can have an abiding comfort, even in the midst of affliction and severe trial.

John 14:26
John 16:13

E. In time of decision, he will have the guidance of the Spirit.

John 14:26; 16:13
Acts 11:12
Acts 16:6, 7

F. With the Holy Spirit as his Teacher, the believer will have a purer and clearer revelation in the things of God.

John 14:26; 15:26
I Corinthians 2:10, 13
Ephesians 1:16, 17
Ephesians 3:5

G. He will have a greater measure of joy, love, hope, etc.

I Samuel 10:6, 9
Ezekiel 37:9, 14
Romans 5:5; 17:17; 15:13
Galatians 5:22
I Thessalonians 1:6

IV. How is the baptism in the Holy Spirit received? 

A. It can be ministered through the laying on of hands.

Acts 8:17  "Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Ghost."

Acts 9:17, 18  "And Ananias went his way, and entered into the house; and putting his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, that appeared unto thee in the way as thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mightest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Ghost. And immediately there fell from his eyes as it had been scales: and he received sight forthwith, and arose, and was baptized."

Acts 19:6  "And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Ghost came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied."

II Timothy 1:6  "Wherefore I put thee in remembrance that thou stir up the gift of God, which is in thee by the putting on of my hands."

B. It can happen while listening to an anointed message.

Acts 10:44, 45, 47  "While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. ... the gift of the Holy Ghost.... Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost as well as we?"

Acts 11:15  "And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning."

C. It is received by faith, for no gift of God is ever earned.

Luke 11:13  "If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?"

John 14:16, 17  "And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter ...even the Spirit of truth ... for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you."

Acts 2:38  "... Repent, and be baptized ... and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost."

Acts 5:32  "... the Holy Ghost, whom God hath given to them that obey him."

Acts 8:20  "But Peter said unto him, Thy money perish with thee, because thou hast thought that the gift of God may be purchased with money."

Acts 10:44, 45  "While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Ghost fell on all them which heard the word. And they of the circumcision which believed were astonished, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Ghost."

Acts 11:17  "Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?"

II Corinthians 5:5  "... God, who also hath given unto us the earnest of the Spirit."

Galatians 3:2, 13, 14  "... Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? ...[we] receive the promise of the Spirit through faith."

I John 3:24  "... the Spirit which he hath given us."

I John 4:13  "Hereby know we that we dwell in him, and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit."

D. No "tarrying" or waiting is necessary for us to receive the Spirit, because He has already been sent.

Acts 8:12-17; 2:38; 19:2-6

E. To a degree, it requires an act of the will. Scripture uses action verbs: We are told to drink in the Spirit, to "be not drunk with wine, but be filled with the Spirit." And Jesus said the Father would give the Spirit to them that ask him (Luke 11:13).

Acts 2:13-15, 17, 33  "Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine. But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them,... these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day.... And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:... and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear." (Note: The same word for "shed forth" in v. 33 is translated "poured out" in v. 17.)

John 7:37-39  "In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)"

I Corinthians 12:13  "For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit."

V.  Pentecost was not to be the only experience of a baptism in the Holy Spirit. The promise is to us as well. Many received the Spirit long after the first outpouring.

Acts 11:15, 17  "And as I began to speak, the Holy Ghost fell on them, as on us at the beginning. Then remembered I the word of the Lord, how that he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost. Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God?"

Acts 15:8  "And God, which knoweth the hearts, bare them witness, giving them the Holy Ghost, even as he did unto us."

A. Paul exhorted the Ephesian church, already a very "spiritual" body of believers, to be continually filled (Greek: "be being filled ...") with the Spirit.

Ephesians 5:18-21

B. Jesus spoke of believers thirsting (John 7:37-39). Drinking once will never quench an eternal thirst.

C. How can we be continually filled with the Spirit? By singing, giving thanks, and submitting to the will of God. (See Ephesians 5:18-21.)

Copyright © 1976, 1977, 1997 by Diane S. Dew

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